malo zgodovine

Zanima me...
Prispevkov: 6
Pridružen: 9.6.2005 12:19

malo zgodovine

Odgovor Napisal/-a laski »

Mi lahko en prosim odgovori na naslednje vprašanje:
AFRIKA je dobila ime po:
a:) boginji afroditi
b:)angleškem pomorščaku, ki jo je prvi vrisal na zemljevid
c:)po plemeno arijci
d:)po rastlini, ki raste v afriki

Prispevkov: 6454
Pridružen: 21.10.2003 8:03

Odgovor Napisal/-a Roman »

Noben odgovor ni točen. Malo sem poguglal in našel tole: ... eme_doc=93
Africa is believed to have originated from either the Latin word aprica ("Sunny") or greek aphrike ("without cold") and originally applied to North Africa. However as Europe discovered the extent of continental Africa, the term came to match its modern day usage.

Prispevkov: 56
Pridružen: 2.12.2005 14:43

Odgovor Napisal/-a seenamojca »

Tole pravi pa Wikipedia:

The name Africa came into Western use through the Romans, who used the name Africa terra — "land of the Afri" (plural, or "Afer" singular) — for the northern part of the continent, as the province of Africa with its capital Carthage, corresponding to modern-day Tunisia.

The Afri were a tribe — possibly Berber — who dwelt in North Africa in the Carthage area. The origin of Afer may be connected with Phoenician `afar, dust (also found in most other Semitic languages); some other etymologies that have been postulated for the ancient name 'Africa' that are much more debatable include:
- the Latin word aprica, meaning "sunny";
- the Greek word aphrike, meaning "without cold" (see also List of traditional Greek place names). The historian Leo Africanus (1495-1554) attributed the origin to the Greek word phrike (φρικε, meaning "cold and horror"), combined with the negating prefix a-, so meaning a land free of cold and horror. However, the change of sound from ph to f in Greek is datable to about the first century, so this is unlikely to be the origin.